How (not) to Deal with Terrorism

 We, again, have the likes of Theresa May to call for alterations and restrictions of human rights in order to “combat terrorism". We don’t know what would or should be changed, because these people are never concrete on the details, but what we know is that they are very willing to suspend due process and the rule of law, and deport people based on, quote, “not enough evidence to prosecute in full". How could a democratic state with rule of law deport people without “enough evidence to prosecute in full" is beyond me, wouldn’t these people, by default, not guilty of anything? But this is not the question I want to address; I want to ask rather: Can this really defeat terrorism?
Better yet, is there any way to defeat terrorism? The short answer, in operative terms, is no, unless you are prepared to jail or send away everyone who doesn’t look, act, or think like the dominant group of population or the small group of people who are in power. And if you are prepared to do that, the terrorists have already won, with you being a terrorist yourself, using the state apparatus as your tools of choice to fan fear, and we haven’t even begun to talk about home grown, white male, Christian terrorism, or state terror in other countries.

Terrorism can only be addressed in grand strategic terms. What is the root cause of it? The Sykes-Picot Agreement was only the starting point. The overthrowing of the liberal, democratically elected Iranian government by the UK and the US in 1953 was more fundamental to the issue, as it was them trying to fight the fire of socialism with the oil of conservatism (or more accurately for the oil and profits of British Petroleum), and removing the only moderate, rational, secular, and stabilising power in the region as the end result. Then, we have the US supporting the Taliban, Saudi Arabia, and other authoritarian factions to fight against liberal values in the name of freedom (and also oil) against the Soviet, and we have the world we have today.

Once national, historical hatred, anger, and fear of Western imperialism, and poverty being understood as a product of Western imperialism, have taken refuge under the irrationality of religion or other beliefs, being utilised by the power hungry to gain more power, no amount of law enforcement and security measures can prevent someone from becoming a terrorist. The only question from then on is whether you can spot them in time and in the right place, all the time. The answer is, again, no, because there is no organisation that can be omniscience and omnipotent with infinite amount of resources and manpower. Also, don’t forget that the US and Canada have been extra-legally sending wrongfully accused “suspected terrorists" to be tortured in a third country, namely Assad’s Syria, the same Assad who was accused of using chemical weapons on his own people, via extraordinary rendition, how is “restricting rights" going to help?

Suppose we have a secular, liberal, democratic, and prospering state in the Middle East, then we might be able to turn the tide. But that’s going to take a long long time, and if we are very lucky, that will probably take us 100 years or more, and that is if we start today. Fact is, nobody is going to do anything of that sort, not only because it is geopolitically unfeasible, but more importantly, it doesn’t benefit the wealthy and the powerful, as it would destroy many of their businesses. (Well, why are Western countries so keen on selling weapons to Saudi Arabia, a country that is well-known for its support of Islamists and its own ultraconservative wahhabism?)

We know that we can never effectively combat terrorism operationally, and no one is willing or able to pursue the grand strategic solution, so where does that leave us? This maybe uncomforting, but accepting it as a fact of life, treating it like cancer, for example, would probably be the second-best (meaning the best attainable) option, as this would allow us to face the crisis bravely. At any rate, accepting it is still miles better than subverting our laws, democratic institutions, and way of lives in order to pseudo-combat it. The latter merely provide you a solace of questionable comfort at the time of the crisis by letting the government doing whatever it wants, when in reality it has done nothing useful of any sort. It is merely an ill-willed promise to get you sign away the whole society’s rights and freedoms.

Once you have done that, congratulations, you have just turned ill-organised individual attacks into institutionalised state terrorism. The latter is much much worse.

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本篇發表於 策略, In Other Parts of the World, World Politics 並標籤為 , , 。將永久鏈結加入書籤。

2 Responses to How (not) to Deal with Terrorism

  1. 標少 說道:

    In New South Wales, where I live, the police are now given power to “shoot to kill" terrorists and incarcerate terrorists in maximum security prison and segregate them from other prisoners so that extremism will not spread. I can understand, out of fear, many western democratic countries will compromise human rights for this cause. Though human rights are not absolute, I doubt the effect of such move.

    • 山中 說道:

      “Shoot to kill" is fine when the police is actually facing an armed suspect who is attempting to hurt others, but if it is just a suspect found sitting in his home? That person could be anyone or the police could just shoot by mistake. I don’t see how that is going to work.

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